Oven – An Introduction

What’s An Oven?

The word ‘oven’ often sounds sweet since it reminds us of cakes baked in them. Ovens are chambers which facilitate the processing of a particular object with heat. Thus, ovens finds applications in baking and drying. The oven chamber is very well insulated so that the oven loses minimal of heat from it. The better the ability of the oven, in preventing heat from escaping, the better is its efficiency.

How’s An Oven Different From A Furnace?

The Latin word fornex from which the word ‘furnace’ is derived actually refers to the oven. Furnaces and kilns are but extensions of an oven.

Industrial Applications Of An Oven

The industrial applications of ovens are numerous. Furnaces, which are but another form of oven, have been widely used in the metal industry. In the process of steel making, furnaces are extensively used to melt iron ore and convert it into pig iron. Numerous other furnaces have been specifically built to take the task of steel making forward, and thus pig iron transforms to steel after going through various furnaces and processes.

What’s A Kiln?

Kiln, another reference to the oven often has been used extensively in the pottery industry to bake the freshly prepared pots. Kiln is also associated with the cement industry where its role is very crucial. Clinker is the produce of the cement kiln which ultimately transforms into cement after being ground thoroughly. Kiln finds another application in the production of malt. Here the kiln serves the purpose of drying, and they are often referred to as Drying ovens.

What’s An Autoclave?

Autoclaves too are a kind of oven. These ovens use pressure and heat to sterilize the contents within the autoclave.

What’s The Difference Between Industrial and Domestic Ovens?

The industrial oven, as they are often referred to, plays a role similar to that of their cooking counterparts, but they are not required to produce the kind of temperatures furnaces or kilns are capable of producing.

One Name, Numerous Applications

One of the application of the industrial oven is powder coating, and a Curing oven is used to achieve this. Industrial ovens are known by various names like Drying ovens, Baking ovens, Curing ovens, Reflow ovens, Continuous ovens, Batch ovens, Clean Room ovens, and so forth.

As the names suggest the various industrial ovens have very specific roles to play.

  • Drying ovens are used in painting applications.
  • Baking ovens are a combination of both a Drying oven and a Curing oven.
  • Reflow ovens are extensively used in the electronics industry to accomplish reflow soldering.
  • Batch ovens are extensively used in large bakeries for baking products in small quantities.
  • Continuous ovens are used in industries where a conveyor system is used in the production line.
  • Clean Room ovens are used in the semiconductor industry to provide a clean environment.

How Does The Oven Generate Its Heat?

The heat within the oven may be produced by the combustion of a fuel, or the use of electricity and heating elements, or as in the case of microwave oven through the use of microwaves.

Ovens Are Here To Stay

The uses of the oven are numerous and many an industry is totally dependent on the functionality of their oven for their survival.

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